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Geology

The geology of the Adamello Brenta Nature Park is fascinating and complex. The exceptional naturalistic and geological richness meant that it was recognized as a World Geoparco by UNESCO.
Characterized by the Dolomites of Brenta with its unique stone castles adorned with towers, bell towers, bold spiers and dizzying walls. Here the rocks tell of ancient seas. For millions of years in fact before becoming stone, the sediments have accumulated on the shallow waters, now disappeared. Opposite is the impressive Adamello-Presanella mountain range. Its rock, the very hard tonalite, was formed from the magma which ascended through the earth’s crust and remained imprisoned there.
The geology of the different rocks witnesses a long history of over 350 million years. In the Geopark, very different environments followed one another. In the various geological periods of the past volcanoes were replaced by deserts, from the bottom of crystalline tropical seas to the current peaks covered by glaciers.

Paleozoic (more than 300 Million years)

Paleozoic (more than 300 Million years)

The Scisti of Rendena date back to the Paleozoic. Metamorphic rocks (phyllites, mica schists, gneisses) belonging to the so-called Crystal...
Permian (300 – 251 Mya)

Permian (300 – 251 Mya)

Evidence of the Permian (300 - 251 Ma) can be found along the left side of the Val Rendena. There...
Triassic (251 – 200 Mya)

Triassic (251 – 200 Mya)

The Triassic (251 - 200 Mya) is the most important period in the geological history of western Trentino. The limit...
Jurassic (200 – 145 Mya)

Jurassic (200 – 145 Mya)

During the Jurassic period (200 - 145 Ma) the Ligurian-Piedmontese ocean is formed by the separation of the lands. Thus...
Cretaceous (145 – 65 Mya)

Cretaceous (145 – 65 Mya)

During the Cretaceous (145 - 65 Mya) the environment in western Trentino is always of a very deep sea (pelagic)....
Paleogene (65 – 23 Mya)

Paleogene (65 – 23 Mya)

During the Paleogene (65 - 23 Ma), about 42-30 million years ago, the four magmatic bodies that make up the...
Neogene (23 – 2,5 Mya)

Neogene (23 – 2,5 Mya)

In the Park territory there are evidences of the Neogene period (23 - 2.5 Ma) in the area of the...
Quaternario (2,5 Mya – Today)

Quaternario (2,5 Mya – Today)

Today scholars are analyzing the idea of a new age within the geological time scale. An age in which the...
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